Deleuze and Foucault

Gramsci introduced the term ‘hegemony’ to refer to the force that ensures power structures are consented to and reproduced.  He also wrote that unless intellectuals take up the position of the peasant or are themselves an organic peasant intellectual, they will continue to produce and reproduce hegemony.  Although this wasn’t explicitly stated in the conversation between Deleuze and Foucault, maybe the task of the true intellectual is to analyze power itself: “the relationship between desire, power, and interest are more complex than we ordinarily think, and it is not necessarily those who exercise power who have an interest in its execution; nor is it always possible for those with vested interests to exercise power”.  How can we successfully challenge power structures if we are clueless to how they operate?  Foucault also poses that social movements may not necessarily struggle against injustice, but, rather, struggle against the leveraging of power- to me, this suggests that something about the idea of “power” transcends all rationale in the human mind. We can easily locate those who are powerless- but often, locating those who hold significant power is difficult.  While general power structures are clearly visible, the motivations, goals, and tactics in actually exercising power seem more elusive.

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